Through understanding the rites of passage and an analysis of the author's personal experience of in-betweenness, this thesis proposes an adaptable and syncretic urban architectural design for newcomers and Waiwera's town and foreshore. This thesis proposes the adaptation of a new bathhouse built on the site of an older bathhouse, in addition to a subsidiary bottled water factory and reception centre for the 'liminal' programme.
The architectural elements in this thesis that define 'liminal' space encourage immediacy of intersubjective experience among the newcomers. These include blurring, ambiguity, dissolution and dissociation, layering and un-layering, familiarising and de-familiarising.
The proposed design aims to blur the distinction between water and land, and between spatial experiences to create healing spaces for both newcomers, the town of Waiwera, and its residents.
In the proposed design, newcomers undergo transformations aimed at stimulating a sense of 'being' as they move through the three 'liminal' paths and ten healing thresholds that use water to create events of familiarity to trigger memory.